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Novel Method Improves Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy Detection of Ultra-Low Concentration Trace Substances
time: 2024-03-04
Recently, a research team led by Prof. GAO Minguang and Associate Prof. LI Xiangxian from Hefei Institutes of Physical Science (HFIPS), Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), has developed a spectral resolution enhancement method based on linear prediction theory to expand the application of FTIR (Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy) technology in the detection of multi-component ultra-low concentration trace substances.

The relevant research outcomes were respectively published in Infrared Physics & Technology and Measurement recently.

The FTIR technique has been widely applied in fields like atmospheric pollution monitoring and food and drug safety testing. However, the technology encounters difficulties in the detection of multi-component ultra-trace substances due to limitations in spectral resolution. Effectively enhancing spectral resolution in FTIR technology without changing the spectrograph structure or increasing instrument volume poses a significant technical barrier restricting its broader usage.

In this study, researchers established a spectral resolution enhancement model based on linear prediction and proposed optimization methods for model parameter calculation, order determination, and model prediction. The effectiveness of the model was validated by comparing the resolution enhancement results with the measured high-resolution spectra from the Bruker IFS 125 instrument, yielding a relative error of only 0.28% in spectral feature absorption bands.

Furthermore, various factors associated with the actual interferometric signal may influence the effectiveness of spectral resolution enhancement, including the original signal-to-noise ratio of the interferometric signal, model enhancement factor, and initial resolution.

"With the help of linear prediction-based spectral resolution enhancement method, we effectively identified low-concentration gases in the atmosphere and gas components exhibiting cross-absorption in the mid-infrared region," said LI, "Moreover, for certain gases, the accuracy of concentration inversion can be significantly improved after spectral resolution enhancement."

This research provides valuable theoretical support and analytical tools for further improving the detection accuracy of multi-component ultra-low concentration trace substances, according to the team.

 Spectral Enhancement for Multicomponent Trace Substances Based on Multistep Linear Prediction (Image by LI Xiangxian)

Adaptive Selection of Sliding Windows Based on Genetic Algorithm (Image by LI Xiangxian)

Identification of NO and H2O Cross-Absorption Features in FTIR Spectra Using the Spectral Resolution Enhancement Model (Image by LI Xiangxian)