A research team led by Prof. GAO Xiaoming at the Anhui Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics (AIOFM), Hefei Institutes of Physical Science (HFIPS) of Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) recently suggested new dual-wavelength Faraday Rotation Spectroscopy (FRS) Sensor in the two-component simultaneous detection of nitrogen oxides.
Related research result was published in Sensors and Actuators: B. Chemical.
Nitrogen oxides are at the center of atmospheric chemical reactions and influence the concentration of ozone, hydroxyl and peroxy radicals, which are important precursors for the formation of photochemical smog, acid rain and haze pollution. At the same time, nitrogen oxides emitted by agricultural fieldss, wetlands and other ecosystems play an important role in the global nitrogen cycle.
In this research, Prof. LIU Kun and CAO Yuan et al. proposed a two-component simultaneous detection sensor for nitrogen oxides with static magnetic field FRS based on NdFeB ring magnet array in response to the problems of slow measurement rate and lack of selectivity for nitric oxide and nitrogen dioxide in traditional chemiluminescence detection of nitrogen oxides.
The interaction between two beams of linearly polarized light of different wavelengths and nitrogen oxides in a static magnetic field was facilitated by designing a single-cavity, dual-optical path gas absorption cell and coupling it coaxially to a NdFeB ring magnet array.
Aside from that, they recommended that the absorption cell should be less than or equal to the length of permanent magnet ring array. This is to address the issue that the left and right sides of NdFeB ring magnetic array were opposite to the direction of internal axial magnetic field, causing partial cancellation of the magneto-optical signal excited by internal axial magnetic field.
By combining wavelength modulation spectroscopy with a static magnetic field, the FRS NOx sensor achieved a detection sensitivity of 0.58 ppb NO2 and 0.95 ppb NO over an optical length of 23.7 m and an integration time of 100s.
This work lays foundation for further developing eddy covariance method-based studies of the soil-plant-atmosphere NOx interface fluxes in ecosystems.
Single-cavity, dual-optical path gas cell; Magnetic field intensity distribution of NdFeB ring magnet array (Image by CAO Yuan)
Optical layout of the FRS NOx sensor (Image by CAO Yuan)